Departments
Speech & Hearing : Articulation

Red Flags

Your child may have an articulation problem if:

  • Family/friends cannot understand his/her speech
  • Your child is frustrated when not understood
  • Your child leaves off the ends of words (ex. ca/cat)
  • Your child misarticulates sounds (ex. wabbit/rabbit)

Norms

  • 90% of 3-year-olds have acquired the following sounds with a delay by age 4:
    m, h, n, w, b , p
  • 90% of 4-year-olds have acquired the following sounds with a delay by age 4.5:
    k, g, d, f, j, t
  • 90% of 6-year-olds have acquired the following sounds with a delay by age 6.5:
    ing, r, l, s, ch, sh, dj
  • 90% of 7-year-olds have acquired the following sounds with a delay by age 7.5:
    z, v, th (voiced), th (unvoiced)

Therapy Techniques

Traditional therapy approach for articulation errors includes:

  • Learn to listen for correct sound
  • Say sound correctly by itself, in a word, in phrases and sentences and in conversation
  • Other approaches are used if appropriate

Parental Suggestions

  • Avoid “baby talk”
  • Model good speech
  • Praise correct speech
  • Read and talk with your child